Among adult population of our planet the periodontal disease is very common. Why this problem arises and which preventive measures need to take – we will discuss in this article.
Parodont – tissues which surround the tooth and ensure its fixation in the jaw bones. The complex of these tissues includes the periodontal ligament (it connects the cement of the tooth root with the bone tissue of the alveolar processes) and the gum. If the disease occurs, the inflammatory process can develop in the entire paradont or in one of its parts.
The pathological process can be different: inflammatory and even tumorous. Up to 95% of periodontal diseases are inflammatory – periodontitis and gingivitis.
Periodontitis is an inflammatory process in the tissues surrounding the tooth. Periodontitis is difficult to treat and can be completely cured only at the initial stages. Chronic periodontitis can lead to loss of teeth.
For treatment of this disease should be used complex measures: local, medicinal and physiotherapeutic. If there is an acute inflammatory process, it often requires surgeon’s help, who will provide an outflow of purulent contents.
Gingivitis is the gums inflammation, which does not affect the dentogingival joints. There can be oedema, redness and bleeding in the gum area. Gingivitis can be as a self-acting disease or as a consequence of problems with the gastrointestinal tract or cardiovascular system.
For gingivitis treatment can be used both local and general treatment. The first step – is the teeth cleaning with the aim to remove tartar. Vitamin and ozone therapy are also can be used. Antibiotics and surgical removal of necrotized gingival area can be applied in case of severe gingivitis.
Factors of periodontal disease
The main reason of the pathological process development is the dental plaque. If you do not pay enough care for your teeth, the soft plague can harden. Such area is an excellent place for bacteria growth. Bacteria destroy not only enamel, but also damage the gums. If you do not visit dentist in time, the inflammatory process will affect the subgingival pocket, and then the bone tissue supporting the teeth. As the result your teeth become mercutrial and can fall out.
The main symptoms of periodontal diseases:
Periodontal disease can occur at any age, but mostly in people after 40 years of age. The main symptoms are:
- gums redness and oedema;
- gums bleeding while teeth cleaning;
- bad breath, putrid taste;
- formation of gingival pocket;
- changes in teeth occlusion (sometimes)
The last two points are already a neglected case. If you found out the first symptoms you need to visit our dentist who will propose the right treatment plan.
It is very important to keep the proper oral hygiene to prevent the development of inflammatory processes in all periodontal tissues. This is the main rule in the prevention of diseases.
Clean your teeth twice per day, use dental floss and fluoride-containing pastes and you will avoid serious problems with the gums and loss of teeth.