Periodontitis

Inflamed gums

Prevent gums inflamation by proper oral hygiene

With a good oral hygiene you can keep your teeth and gums healthy. This prevents the gums inflammation (gingivitis and periodontitis) and promotes their cure. But how do you know if your gums are healthy? Can you recognize inflamed gums?

Healthy gums

Healthy gums are pink, tightly tied and don’t bleed when you eat or brush your teeth. Healthy gums are the basis of healthy teeth. Together with the jawbone and the fibers, the gums are the foundation of your teeth. Those who take care for their gums can have healthy teeth for many years.

Healthy tooth vs periodontitis
Inflamed gums (gingivitis)

Bleeding, red or swollen gums usually indicate the inflammation. Your gums can be inflamed everywhere. The inflammation can also be local, for example between 2 teeth. Sometimes inflamed gums can go along with a bad taste in the mouth or with a bad breath. It is not painful, but the gums may be sensitive when you touch them. Sometimes your gums are inflamed, but there is nothing to see. Fortunately, your dental hygienist or dentist can detect the inflammation. Treatment of inflamed gums in time can keep your teeth.

– What is the cause of inflamed gums?

Plaque cleaner

Plaque on the transition to your gums or your tooth cause inflammatory gums. If you don’t remove it properly, the bacteria can cause the gums inflammation. Also dental plaque can become hard and calcareous to tartar. This makes the gums more inflamed. Generally plaque is difficult to see. Plaque disclosing tablet is a handy tool which allows to see this problem.

Severe gingival inflammation (periodontitis)

The gums inflammation may extend to the jawbone. Because of this, the gums extend away the teeth. The space between the tooth and the gum becomes deeper. The inflammation of the gum edge may extend to the jawbone. As a result, the gums leave it even further. Due to this the fibers are decomposed and the jawbone is broken. This progressive inflammation with fiber decomposition and jawbone is called periodontitis. Often periodontitis can be unnoticed for a long time without proper control.

Stages of gum disease and pocket depth_1

Often, periodontitis is noticed until the teeth are destroyed or when the space between teeth is increased. Because the gums are far removed, roots are exposed.
Exposed roots have no protective glaze. This causes easy holes. Also, teeth and roots are sensitive. For example, if you brush your teeth or when you eat hot or cold, sweet or just sour products. Because of the inflammation teeth fall out.

– How to know if the inflammation is serious?

Stages of gums desease and pocket depth_2

Visually, all the inflamed gums look the same. To determine the severity of an inflammation, the dentist or dental hygienist must measure the spaces between the teeth and the gums (pockets). He does it with a so-called pocketsonde at all teeth. With the measurement, he determines the severity of the inflammation. If the gums are healthy, the pocket is at most of 3 mm and does not bleed. Inflamed gums give pockets to 5 mm. More advanced inflammation has deeper pockets, often of 6 mm or even more.

What should I do to keep gums healthy?

Inflamed gums can be healed only if you remove all plaque every day.

My gums are inflamed, how can I remove all plaque?

With a good oral hygiene you can remove all dental plaque. Brush your teeth more than 2 times per day at least 2 minutes with fluoride toothpaste. Also clean the spaces between your teeth daily and use toothpicks or floss. A good daily oral hygiene is the basis of healthy gums and a healthy mouth.

Toothpicks

– How the dentist can help with inflamed gums?

Toothbrush

Your dentist or dental hygienist can advise you and give instructions how to keep your oral hygiene clean. With a good oral hygiene, you can remove plaque and choose places where you can use the toothbrush, toothpicks or floss. Toothpaste can’t clean for 100%. That’s why you can use special tools for your oral care. They are called dental cleansing. The inflammation may disappear and gums can heal again. Those who removes plaque can prevent new inflammation.

Can I remove plaque with the help of a mouthwash?

With some mouthwashes you can easy remove plaque. Nevertheless they can’t replace the use of a toothbrush with the combination of toothpicks or floss. Mouth washing agents may give a fresh mouth odor and a pleasant taste.

Mouthwash

Is smoking harmful to my gums?

Smoking

Smoking, in addition to health risks, also adversely affects your gums. The gums of smokers look paler and quickly bleed. If you smoke, the gums recover worse from the inflammation. Smoker’s jawbone breaks 2 times faster than normal.

Frequently Asked Questions

Im pregnant. Do I have more chance of inflamed gums?

During pregnancy, you are more likely to get gum problems. Due to the altered activity of your hormones, the gums react more heavily to the plaque. An extra attention to oral hygiene during pregnancy is very important. If you carefully remove all plaque, your pregnancy does not add any additional risks to getting gum infection.

Does the stress affect the gums?

Everyone has always trouble. Longer persistent mental stress can suppress the gums. Those who have a lot of stress have a great chance to get periodontitis. The results of periodontitis can be more serious.

Does the diabetes affect the dental health?

Those who have diabetes are more susceptible to inflammation and infections. So, the gums can be inflamed faster. This happens especially when the diabetes is not properly diagnosed. People with diabetes have an increased chance of developing periodontitis.